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Joseph Priestley
Joseph PriestleyPastellzeichnung von Ellen Sharples, um 1795
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* 24. März 1733 in Fieldhead
† 6. Februar 1804 in Northumberland County (Pennsylvania)
britisch-amerikanischer Naturforscher, Philosoph und Theologe
Entdecker des von ihm dephlogistisierte Luft genannten Sauerstoffs (unabhängig von Scheele)
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GND-Nummer 118793357
WP-Personensuche, SeeAlso, Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek
DNB: Datensatz, Werke

WerkeBearbeiten

deutsche ÜbersetzungenBearbeiten

  • Auserlesene Kleine Werke dreyer berühmter Englischer Chymisten, Herrn Priestley, Henry und Black … Heineck und Faber, Kopenhagen / Leipzig 1774, VD18 10372164, SLUB Dresden MDZ München
    • Anweisung wie man das Wasser mit einer fixen Luft schwängern soll, um demselben den besondern Geist und Tugenden des pyrmonter und andrer mineralischer Wasser gleicher Natur mitzutheilen.
      Directions for impregnating water with fixed air

englische OriginaleBearbeiten

(Auswahl)

  • A Description of a Chart of Biography; With a Catalogue of alle the Names inserted in it, And the Dates annexed to them. Warrington 1765; ²1765 Google; London 1794 Google; 1800 Google; Philadelphia 1803 Google
  • The History and Present State of Electricity, With Original Experiments. London 1767 MPIWG, MDZ München
  • A Familiar Introduction to the Study of Electricity. London 1768 Google; ²1769 Google; ³1777 Google
  • A View of the Principles and Conduct of the Protestant Dissenters, With Respect to the Civil and Ecclesiastical Constitution of England. London 1769; ²[1769] Google
  • A Description of a New Chart of History. London 1769 [Begleittext zu der separat veröffentlichten Wandtafel, siehe Bild rechts]; ²1770 Google; ³1775 Google; 51781 Google; 71789 Google
  • A Familiar Introduction to the Theory and Practice of Perspective. London 1770 Internet Archive
  • A Free Address to Protestant Dissenters, On the Subject of Church Discipline; With A Preliminary Discourse, concerning the Spirit of Christianity, and the Corruption of it by False Notions of Religion. London 1770 MDZ München
    • Additions to the Address to Protestant Dissenters, On the Subject of the Lord’s Supper, With some Corrections of it. London 1770 Google
  • Institutes of Natural and Revealed Religion. 2 Bände. London 1772 Internet Archive
  • The History and Present State of Discoveries relating to Vision, Light, and Colours. London 1772 MPIWG
  • Directions for Impregnating Water With Fixed Air; In order to communicate to it the peculiar Spirit and Virtues of Pyrmont Water, And other Mineral Waters of a similar Nature. London 1772 Google
  • Experiments and Observations on Different Kinds of Air. London 1774–1775
  • Experiments and Observations on Different Kinds of Air. 2nd edition corrected. London 1775 MDZ München
  • Philosophical Empiricism: Containing Remarks on a Charge of Plagiarism respecting Dr. H–s, Interspersed With various Observations relating to Different Kinds of Air. London 1775 Google
  • Hartley’s Theory of the Human Mind, on the Principle of the Association of Ideas; With Essays Relating to the Subject of it. London 1775 Virginia
  • Disquisitions Relating to Matter and Spirit. To Which is Added, The History of the Philosophical Doctrine concerning the Origin of the Soul … London 1777 Internet Archive
  • Experiments and Observations Relating to Various Branches of Natural Philosophy; With a Continuation of the Observations on Air. London 1779 / Birmingham 1781
  • An History of the Corruptions of Christianity. 2 Bände. Birmingham 1782
  • Letters to The Jews; Inviting Them to an Amicable Discussion of the Evidences of Christianity. Birmingham 1786 Google; ²1787 Michigan
  • Discourses on Various Subjects, Including Several on Particular Occasions. Birmingham 1787 Internet Archive
  • Discourses Relating to The Evidences of Revealed Religion, Delivered in the Church of the Universalists at Philadelphia, 1796. Philadelphia 1796–1797
  • Experiments and Observations Relating to the Analysis of Atmospherical Air; Also, Farther Experiments Relating to the Generation of Air From Water. London 1796 Google
  • Considerations on the Doctrine of Phlogiston, and The Decomposition of Water. Philadelphia 1796–1797
  • The Doctrine of Phlogiston Established, and That of The Composition of Water Refuted. Northumberland 1800 Internet Archive
  • Discourses on Various Subjects, Intended to Have Been Delivered in Philadelphia. Northumberland 1805 Internet Archive
  • Memoirs of Dr. Joseph Priestley, to the Year 1795. Written by Himself: With a Continuation, to the Time of his Decease, By his Son, Joseph Priestley: And Observations on his Writings, By Thomas Cooper … and the Rev. William Christie. Northumberland 1806

Veröffentlichungen in PeriodikaBearbeiten

Priestley veröffentlichte zahlreiche Aufsätze und Mitteilungen, u. a. in:

  • Philosophical Transactions
    • An Account of Rings consisting of all the Prismatic Colours, made by Electrical Explosions on the Surface of Pieces of Metal. In: Band 58, S. 68–74 doi:10.1098/rstl.1768.0010

Übersetzungen ins Deutsche finden sich z. B. in:

KorrespondenzBearbeiten

  • Henry Carrington Bolton (Hg.): Scientific Correspondence of Joseph Priestley. Ninety-Seven Letters … New York 1892 Internet Archive

SekundärliteraturBearbeiten

  • J. D. Reuss: Das gelehrte England, 2. Teil. Berlin / Stettin 1791, S. 327–332 Google
  • [W. Cobbett:] Observations on the Emigration of Dr. Joseph Priestly, and on the Several Addresses Delivered to Him, on His Arrival at New-York. Philadelphia / New York 1794 Internet Archive
  • John Cory: The Life of Joseph Priestley, LL. D. F.R.S. &c. &c. With Critical Observations on his Works. Birmingham 1804 Google, Google
  • J. C. Adelung / H. W. Rotermund: Fortsetzung und Ergänzungen zu Christian Gottlieb Jöchers allgemeinem Gelehrten-Lexiko, Band 6. Bremen 1819, Sp. 907–916 Google
  • Commemoration of the Centenary of the Birth of Dr. Priestley. In: The London and Edinburgh Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science, Band 2 (1833), S. 382–402 Biodiversity Heritage Library
  • W. de Fonvielle: La vie et les travaux du docteur Priestley. Paris 1875
  • R. Hill: Joseph Priestley (1733–1804) and his discovery of photosynthesis in 1771. In: G. Forti, M. Avron, A. Melandri (Hgg.): Proceedings of the IInd International Congress on Photosynthesis Research. Den Haag 1972, S. 1–18 Google